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Kroll reviews 2021 capital markets

“Capital Markets Insights—2021 Year in Review” offers a look at the past year in terms of notable S&P 500 performers, DJIA performers, M&A deals, PE deals, IPOs, SPACs, bankruptcies, cost of capital, and private markets.

Bohac v. Benes Serv. Co.

The Nebraska District Court in this case applied discounts to its determination of fair value (FV). The Supreme Court found that the district court did not use the correct definition of fair value, resulting in discounts being applied to the estate’s shares. The Supreme Court also found that the proper premise of value was going concern and the proper methodology for value was the asset approach. The Supreme Court also allowed as a liability the deferred tax on potential future sale of assets by the corporation.

The Nebraska District Court Is Reversed in Its Determination of Fair Value

The Nebraska District Court in this case applied discounts to its determination of fair value (FV). The Supreme Court found that the district court did not use the correct definition of fair value, resulting in discounts being applied to the estate’s shares. The Supreme Court also found that the proper premise of value was going concern and the proper methodology for value was the asset approach. The Supreme Court also allowed as a liability the deferred tax on potential future sale of assets by the corporation.

Silver lining to Vinoskey ESOP appeal decision

In the well-publicized Vinoskey ESOP case (our latest coverage is here), the appellate court affirmed the district court in deciding that the company owner had extensive knowledge about the company and its prior valuations, and, thus, it was plausible to infer that “something was off.”

Updated ‘Stout Restricted Stock Study Companion Guide’ available

The most widely used restricted stock transaction database for providing empirical support for a discount for lack of marketability (DLOM) is the Stout Restricted Stock Study (formerly FMV Opinions).

Business Valuation Update Yearbook, 2022 Edition

January 2022 PDF, Softcover (454 pages)

BVR (editor)

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

A new year means another annual “greatest hits” publication!  The Business Valuation Update Yearbook 2022 covers the previous year’s most groundbreaking and thought-provoking advancements in valuation.  It captures changes in regulations and professional standards, key takeaways from professional conferences, and tactical practice-building ideas. This critical desktop reference puts you ahead of the competition with on-the-ground reporting by the BVR editorial team including an Introduction by Andy Dzamba, BVR Executive Editor and insights from notable BV experts.  Learn more >>

BV News and Trends December 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

ShopRite, Inc. v. Gardiner

In determining the fair value of a minority interest in stock sold back to the companies in a shareholder oppression assertion, the Louisiana Court of Appeals rejected a discount for trapped-in capital gains tax since the companies had no intention of selling the properties owned. The appeals court also disallowed a reduction in fair value related to the value of affiliated accounts receivable, noting that there was no evidence that the receivables were uncollectible.

Louisiana Court of Appeals Disallows a Discount for Trapped-In Capital Gains Taxes and a Reduction in Receivables for Collectability

In determining the fair value of a minority interest in stock sold back to the companies in a shareholder oppression assertion, the Louisiana Court of Appeals rejected a discount for trapped-in capital gains tax since the companies had no intention of selling the properties owned. The appeals court also disallowed a reduction in fair value related to the value of affiliated accounts receivable, noting that there was no evidence that the receivables were uncollectible.

Updated NICE DLOM model available for free download

During a recent BVR webinar, Will Frazier (Weaver) did a demo of the revised version of his nonmarketable investment company evaluation (NICE) method for estimating a discount for lack of marketability (DLOM).

Use of DCF for damages survives challenge

In an antitrust lawsuit in Nevada, the expert for a company that alleges it was forced to close due to anticompetitive practices used the discounted cash flow (DCF) method to calculate damages.

Harvey v. Harvey (In re Michael S.)

In this divorce case, on appeal, the California appellate court rejected a discount for taxes not immediate and specific and allowed a DLOM regarding the value of the wife’s one-half interest in the jointly owned business. The court also determined that “the [trial] court impliedly made the factual findings necessary to support its ruling regarding Cynthia’s breach of fiduciary duty claim.” Finally, the appeals court determined that the trial court had the authority to set its own terms for payment of the equalization amount to the wife.

In a Divorce Case, the California Court of Appeal Rejects Discount for Taxes Not Immediate and Specific But Allows a DLOM

In this divorce case, on appeal, the California appellate court rejected a discount for taxes not immediate and specific and allowed a DLOM regarding the value of the wife’s one-half interest in the jointly owned business. The court also determined that “the [trial] court impliedly made the factual findings necessary to support its ruling regarding Cynthia’s breach of fiduciary duty claim.” Finally, the appeals court determined that the trial court had the authority to set its own terms for payment of the equalization amount to the wife.

BV News and Trends November 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Valuing Marketable Securities Portfolios

Given the expected reduction in the estate tax exemption, the use of privately-held marketable equity securities (MES) portfolios as a wealth transfer vehicle is likely to increase. Join Gary Gerlach to learn the ins and outs of valuing these investment vehicles. We will cover the use of multiple (free) sources of closed-end mutual fund (CEF) data and discounts and analyze and select guideline CEFs, focusing on metrics such as asset type, concentration and allocation issues ...

Letter sent to Congress regarding valuation discounts

The American Society of Appraisers and over 100 other business groups and organizations sent a letter to Rep. Neal (D-Mass.) and Rep. Wyden (D-Ore.) urging exclusion of any tax proposals that would impact family businesses and farms, such as eliminating discounts for lack of control or marketability.

New edition of a guide on valuing FLPs

BVR is happy to announce that the Comprehensive Guide to the Valuation of Family Limited Partnerships and LLCs is the newest addition to its bookstore.

V5 Techs., LLC v. Switch, Ltd.

This case was a motion to reconsider the court’s ruling that struck expert testimony because the expert used the discounted cash flow method to determine the value of a business that went out of business. Upon reconsideration, the court decided that such method was allowable in this case and, therefore, the testimony should be reinstated and presented to the jury for use in determining damages.

Court Reverses Its Order to Strike Expert Testimony That Utilized the Discounted Cash Flow Method in Valuing a Business

This case was a motion to reconsider the court’s ruling that struck expert testimony because the expert used the discounted cash flow method to determine the value of a business that went out of business. Upon reconsideration, the court decided that such method was allowable in this case and, therefore, the testimony should be reinstated and presented to the jury for use in determining damages.

IRS sending agents to NACVA’s BV training

The IRS is sending 79 agents to business valuation training provided by the National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts (NACVA), according to former IRS manager Michael Gregory (Michael Gregory Consulting LLC).

Premium Gap Closes Between Strategic and Financial Acquisitions

The difference between the premium strategic buyers pay for acquisitions versus what financial buyers pay has decreased, according to recent data in the Factset MergerStat/BVR Control Premium Study.

BV News and Trends October 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Latest issue of the ASA BVReview now in BVRPro

The BVResearch Pro platform contains the full archive of BVReview (going back to 1982!), the business valuation journal of the American Society of Appraisers.

Book Review: Business Valuation: An Integrated Theory (BVIT)

Today, there are many fine business valuation textbooks available to the professional business appraiser for guidance and support. The purpose of these publications is to equip the readers with the methodology, techniques and models necessary to produce a credible valuation opinion and report.

A Current View of the Restricted Stock Studies and Restricted Stock Discounts

Although there is relevant evidence in some restricted stock studies that can be helpful for marketability discount determinations, comparisons with average discount observations from these studies do not provide a meaningful methodology to estimate marketability discounts. We conclude this despite the fact that too many valuation analysts continue to rely on simplistic comparisons with averages of restricted stock discounts from dated studies in their marketability discount determinations.

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