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In a crunch, court adopts company’s DCF model as fair value indicator

In a statutory appraisal action prompted by the 2016 buyout of minority shareholders by the controller of a private company, the Delaware Court of Chancery recently found there was no meaningful market-based evidence of fair value and neither expert opinion, based on standard valuation methods, was “wholly reliable.”

Kruse v. Synapse Wireless, Inc.

In appraisal action arising out of controller’s buyout of minority stockholders, court finds there is no reliable market evidence as to target’s fair value on merger date; none of expert valuations are “wholly reliable,” but one expert’s DCF analysis offers a “proportionately reliable conclusion.”

Lacking Any Wholly Reliable Indicators of Fair Value, Court Adopts Respondent's DCF Model

In appraisal action arising out of controller's buyout of minority stockholders, court finds there is no reliable market evidence as to target's fair value on merger date; none of expert valuations are "wholly reliable," but one expert's DCF analysis offers a "proportionately reliable conclusion."

Fir Tree Value Master Fund v. Jarden Corp., (Jarden III)

High court affirms trial court’s use of unaffected market price as fair value in statutory appraisal involving merger of publicly traded company; high court rejects petitioners’ late argument that, where sale process was flawed and company failed to prove synergies, deal price should act as floor.

No ‘Long-Recognized Principle’ Against Use of Market Price as Fair Value Indicator, High Court Says

High court affirms trial court’s use of unaffected market price as fair value in statutory appraisal involving merger of publicly traded company; high court rejects petitioners’ late argument that, where sale process was flawed and company failed to prove synergies, deal price should act as floor.

Discounted Cash Flow: Speculative or Convincing

Gary Trugman and Harold Martin will discuss, debate, and dissect the pros and cons of using a discounted cash flow analysis, particularly in times of COVID-19. With questions such as how to handle the unknown future, when and how to use past performance to forecast the future, what to do when management gives you a forecast that you do not believe, and what to do when management is incapable of giving you a forecast at ...

Global BVU News and Trends April 2020

Business valuation news from a global perspective.

Global BV News: OIV Journal tackles 10 big BV issues

An interesting roundtable discussion on the 10 big issues in business valuation appears in the Fall 2019 issue of the journal of the Organismo Italiano di Valutazione, the valuation standards-setter in Italy.

Business Valuation OIV Journal Fall 2019

Business Valuation OIV Journal has been created by Organismo Italiano di Valutazione (OIV), the Italian Valuation Standard Setter, to provide a forum for discussion and to foster cultural progress in the field of business valuation. In this issue, articles include "Roundtable: 10 Big Issues in Business Valuation"; "The Limits of Accounting Rates of Return and the Calibration Trap in Applying Accounting-Based Models in Modern Business Valuation Practice"; and "Connecting Economic Value to Company Strategy: Critical Issues and New Perspectives."

BVU News and Trends November 2019

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

DCF Modeling for Early Stage Enterprises: A Fair Value Update

In In this panel discussion Antonella Puca, Andreas Dal Santo and Shilpa Chandra will discuss the special characteristics of DCF modeling as they pertain to the valuation of companies that are in the early years of their life and that have yet to become profitable (early stage enterprises or “ESE”s). Learn the relevance of terminal value in driving valuation for ESEs and the dynamic nature of the model, which can be adjusted at subsequent measurement ...

Columbia Pipeline ruling highlights terminal value flaw in expert’s DCF

In the Columbia Pipeline statutory appraisal action, the Delaware Court of Chancery recently rejected the petitioner expert’s discounted cash flow analysis to determine fair value and, in a short but noteworthy discussion, explained why the court has come to question the usefulness of the DCF in many instances.

Avoid this inconsistency with the terminal value

Terminal value calculations use a perpetuity model that, when using Gordon growth, assumes cash flows occur at the end of each year.

Unadjusted deal price best represents fair value, Court of Chancery says

In a statutory appraisal case featuring a publicly traded company, the Court of Chancery, after an exhaustive evaluation of the sale process, found the deal price was the best evidence of fair value.

Despite Less-Than-Optimal Sale Process, Court Relies on Deal Price for Fair Value

In statutory appraisal of public company, court relies on deal price; presigning sale process was “suboptimal,” but post-signing market check was “effective”; there was an argument for upward adjustment to deal price based on an increase in the company’s value between merger announcement and deal closing.

In re Stillwater Mining Co. 2017 0385 JTL

In statutory appraisal of public company, court relies on deal price; presigning sale process was “suboptimal,” but post-signing market check was “effective”; there was an argument for upward adjustment to deal price based on an increase in the company’s value between merger announcement and deal closing.

In re Appraisal of Columbia Pipeline Grp., Inc.

In statutory appraisal action featuring publicly traded company, court relies on deal price for fair value; although flawed, sale process, when compared to process in three key high court decisions endorsing deal price, does not undermine validity of deal price; no adjustment for synergies.

Court Endorses Unadjusted Deal Price as Fair Value Indicator Despite Flaws in Sale Process

In statutory appraisal action featuring publicly traded company, court relies on deal price for fair value; although flawed, sale process, when compared to process in three key high court decisions endorsing deal price, does not undermine validity of deal price; no adjustment for synergies.

Terminal Value: A Perpetual Issue in Valuation

Willie Sutton robbed banks “because that’s where the money is.” The terminal value is an important component of a business valuation because that’s where most of the value is. Join Michael Vitti and Seth Fliegler of Duff & Phelps as they address the nuts and bolts of determining the terminal value, as well as issues that are brought up within the business valuation community and mistakes to avoid. Be better prepared to address terminal value-related ...

BVU News and Trends September 2019

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

A few recent research papers of note

These papers can be found at the Social Science Research Network.

Business Valuation OIV Journal Spring 2019

Business Valuation OIV Journal has been created by Organismo Italiano di Valutazione (OIV), the Italian Valuation Standard Setter, to provide a forum for discussion and to foster cultural progress in the field of business valuation. In this issue, articles include "Company Valuation as Result of Risk Analysis: Replication Approach as an Alternative to the CAPM"; "Residual Income Model and Abnormal Returns: A Comparison to Factor Styles and Sell-Side Analysts"; and "Critical Issues When Valuating Small Businesses".

Creative Destruction and the Perpetual Growth Assumption

In determining terminal value in a discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation, it is usually assumed that a mature company will grow at a constant rate in perpetuity. The impact of creative destruction and disruptive innovation interrupts and reverses historical growth patterns. If to the extent that the assumption of constant perpetual growth is invalid, the commonly used growth model in DCF analyses will overstate terminal value and cause overvaluations. The perpetual growth concept needs to ...

In re AOL Inc.

In statutory appraisal, court finds sales process was not “Dell compliant” and declines to assign any weight to deal price; court agrees with parties’ experts that DCF best captures fair value on valuation date and arrives at final value below deal price.

Chancery Relies on DCF Where Deal Process Is Not ‘Dell Compliant’

In statutory appraisal, court finds sales process was not “Dell compliant” and declines to assign any weight to deal price; court agrees with parties’ experts that DCF best captures fair value on valuation date and arrives at final value below deal price.

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