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Pourmoradi v. Gabbai

This California appellate case reviewed the trial court’s decision that discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability were not appropriate in determining the value to be paid to the plaintiffs in this corporate dissolution case where the remaining 50% owners exercised their right to purchase the plaintiff’s 50% interest in the LLC.

California Appellate Court Remands for Application of Trial Court of Wrong Standard of Value Denying Discounts

This California appellate case reviewed the trial court’s decision that discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability were not appropriate in determining the value to be paid to the plaintiffs in this corporate dissolution case where the remaining 50% owners exercised their right to purchase the plaintiff’s 50% interest in the LLC.

Recap of recent BV cases of note

A number of recent cases have emerged that contain various valuation issues.

Iowa Supreme Court Allows Reduction in Value for Transaction Costs but Refuses to Allow a Reduction for Built-In Capital Gains Tax

This case was decided, on appeal, under the Iowa “election-to-purchase-in-lieu-of-dissolution statute.” The Iowa Supreme Court decided that, because the parties’ experts had “both included transaction costs in their valuations under a net asset approach, the district court’s failure to reduce the asset values to account for the costs to liquidate the corporation’s assets warranted reversal.” Additionally, since there was no evidence of an intention to liquidate the company or its assets, the court declined to adjust for the built-in gains tax consequences urged by the majority shareholder.

Guge v. Kassel Enters.

This case was decided, on appeal, under the Iowa “election-to-purchase-in-lieu-of-dissolution statute.” The court decided that, because the parties’ experts had “both included transaction costs in their valuations under a net asset approach, the district court’s failure to reduce the asset values to account for the costs to liquidate the corporation’s assets warranted reversal.” Additionally, since there was no evidence of an intention to liquidate the company or its assets, the court declined to adjust for the built-in gains tax consequences urged by the majority shareholder.

Court of Chancery sanctions use of asset approach in complex appraisal case

A low-profile appraisal case in front of the Delaware Court of Chancery raised important valuation questions, including how the court should determine the fair value of a nonoperating entity and how it should deal with the value of claims both parties brought on behalf of the company prior to the contested merger.

In re Happy Child World, Inc.

In an entire-fairness-cum-statutory-appraisal case involving nonoperating day care center whose facility was leased on merger date, court approves use of capitalization of earnings and NAV models and averaging results to determine fair value; business model was uncertain on merger date, court notes.

Uncertain Business Model on Merger Date Justifies Use of Income and NAV Models, Court Says

In an entire-fairness-cum-statutory-appraisal case involving nonoperating day care center whose facility was leased on merger date, court approves use of capitalization of earnings and NAV models and averaging results to determine fair value; business model was uncertain on merger date, court notes.

Fair Value Standard Does Not Preclude Use of Net Asset Approach, Court Affirms

In statutory appraisal case, court denies summary judgment motion arguing opposing expert’s valuation fails to meet legal definition of fair value, i.e., “the value of the company as a whole and as a going concern”; court says controlling case law does not preclude use of net asset value method.

Henley Mining v. Parton

In statutory appraisal case, court denies summary judgment motion arguing opposing expert’s valuation fails to meet legal definition of fair value, i.e., “the value of the company as a whole and as a going concern”; court says controlling case law does not preclude use of net asset value method.

Landmark Jones case featured in upcoming workshop

“Read the Jones case,” an IRS official said when asked about the position the IRS is taking on tax affecting pass-through entities.

On double-dip issue, Ohio appeals court agrees with Gallo analysis

A recent Ohio appeals court decision expressly agreed with its sister court’s 2015 ruling in Gallo that state law does not prohibit double dipping but does require the trial court to avoid unfairness in distributing marital assets and determining spousal support.

Ohio Court Affirms Facts of Case Don’t Require ‘Double-Dipping Offset’

Ohio appeals court upholds trial court’s spousal support determination based on husband’s average, rather than normalized, income, finding “equity did not require a double-dipping offset”; court agrees with sister court’s ruling in Gallo that applicable statute does not prohibit double dipping.

Kim v. Kim

Ohio appeals court upholds trial court’s spousal support determination based on husband’s average, rather than normalized, income, finding “equity did not require a double-dipping offset”; court agrees with sister court’s ruling in Gallo that applicable statute does not prohibit double dipping.

Tax Court adopts tax-affected valuation of PTE without overturning Gross

For years, the appraisal community has wondered when the U.S. Tax Court will recognize the need for tax affecting when valuing pass-through entities (PTE) and how the court will square its decision with precedent, i.e., the Gross case in which the Tax Court rejected the taxpayer’s tax-affected valuation.

Goodwill: A Discussion and a Debate

Two of the most knowledgeable experts in the area of goodwill and personal goodwill, Alan Zipp and Jim Alerding, will cover the key issues and controversies that you want to know about. They will discuss and debate frequently asked questions on the topic, and while sometimes they will agree and sometimes they will disagree, in all cases they will attempt to inform and educate the attendees on the topic.

Distinguishing Gross, Tax Court adopts tax-affected valuation of PTE

In an ingenious move, the U.S. Tax Court, ruling on an Oregon gift tax dispute, accepted the taxpayers’ tax-affected valuations of pass-through entities (PTE) without overturning Gross.

Estate of Aaron Jones v. Commissioner

In gift tax dispute, Tax Court adopts estate expert’s valuation of two related PTEs, including expert’s tax affecting; court distinguishes Gross and later cases; issue is not whether to tax affect but how; estate expert’s tax affecting was “more accurate than [IRS’] blunt zero-rate approach.”

Keeping Gross Alive, Nimble Tax Court Accepts PTE Tax Affecting

In gift tax dispute, Tax Court adopts estate expert’s valuation of two related PTEs, including expert’s tax affecting; court distinguishes Gross and later cases; issue is not whether to tax affect but how; estate expert’s tax affecting was “more accurate than [IRS’] blunt zero-rate approach.”

In Florida divorce, expert’s ‘with-and-without’ valuation withstands appeal

In a nasty Florida divorce case, an appellate court recently upheld the trial court’s valuation findings concerning the husband’s 50% interest in a successful company that operates in the waste disposal industry.

Important Utah goodwill ruling concerning one-person business

The Utah Court of Appeals recently examined the nature of goodwill in a one-person business and, in so doing, expanded on the state’s goodwill jurisprudence.

Marroquin v. Marroquin

Appeals court upholds trial court’s valuation of husband’s vending machine business, finding this one-person operation is akin to sole proprietorship in which any goodwill is attributable to husband’s personal efforts and reputation for competency; court says goodwill is not a marital asset.

No Enterprise Goodwill in One-Person Business, Utah Appeals Court Confirms

Appeals court upholds trial court’s valuation of husband’s vending machine business, finding this one-person operation is akin to sole proprietorship in which any goodwill is attributable to husband’s personal efforts and reputation for competency; court says goodwill is not a marital asset.

Appeals Court Upholds Grocery Store Buyout Ruling and Fair Value Determination

Appeals court upholds district court’s buyout order of minority shareholder’s interests in related family businesses (grocery store chain) as well as district court’s fair value determination; district court’s valuation “falls squarely” between trial experts’ valuations, appeals court says.

Lund v. Lund (II)

Appeals court upholds district court’s buyout order of minority shareholder’s interests in related family businesses (grocery store chain) as well as district court’s fair value determination; district court’s valuation “falls squarely” between trial experts’ valuations, appeals court says.

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