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Tales From the Trenches: The Case of the 70% Equity Interest Valued as a Minority

Don’t assume a 70% interest represents a majority for valuation purposes. This is the latest in our series of articles from veteran appraisers based on actual engagements.

Valuing Minority Interests in the UK Is ‘Especially Challenging’

Comments by Andrew Strickland, a consultant with Scrutton Bland in the UK, on transactions involving fractional interests in closely held companies. He also offers a summary of discounts from a sample of relatively recent cases.

Valuing minority interests in the United Kingdom is ‘especially challenging’

‘Valuing fractional interests in closely held companies is especially challenging,’ Andrew Strickland reports to BVWire—UK.

Puklich v. Puklich

In buyout dispute related to various family businesses, including auto dealership, high court finds trial court was authorized to adjust value finding to account for majority shareholder’s oppressive conduct; case law supported rejection of discounts in valuing minority shareholder’s interest.

High Court Approves of Trial Court’s Rejection of Discounts in Fair Value Determination

In buyout dispute related to various family businesses, including auto dealership, high court finds trial court was authorized to adjust value finding to account for majority shareholder’s oppressive conduct; case law supported rejection of discounts in valuing minority shareholder’s interest.

Appeals court upholds Lund buyout ruling and fair value determination

A protracted Minnesota buyout dispute involving the heirs to a local grocery store empire, Lunds & Byerlys, may have reached the end following a recent ruling from the state appeals court. The reviewing court upheld the trial court’s decision to grant the minority shareholder’s request for a buyout as well as the court's fair value determination.

New Jersey Court Finds Defendant’s Actions Justify DLOM in Forced Buyout

In New Jersey fair value determination, following precedent, court finds defendant’s conduct justifies use of a marketability discount because he was oppressing shareholder who created “extraordinary circumstances” necessitating forced buyout; court rejec ...

Ambiguous expert report prompts order to revalue minority interest

A recent Wisconsin case illustrates that a shareholder agreement in place is no guarantee for a smooth buyout of the minority shareholder. The case also includes a caution to experts to strive for clarity in their expert reports.

New Jersey court applies DLOM in forced buyout: Defendant’s conduct created ‘extraordinary circumstance’

In adjudicating a New Jersey family dispute that escalated into an oppressed shareholder action, the trial court recently found the oppressing shareholder had created a situation that mandated the application of a discount for marketability (DLOM) in order to achieve a “fair and equitable” outcome.

New Jersey Court Finds Defendant’s Actions Justify DLOM in Forced Buyout

In New Jersey fair value determination, following precedent, court finds defendant’s conduct justifies use of a marketability discount because he was oppressing shareholder who created “extraordinary circumstances” necessitating forced buyout; court rejec ...

Parker v. Parker

In New Jersey fair value determination, following precedent, court finds defendant’s conduct justifies use of a marketability discount because he was oppressing shareholder who created “extraordinary circumstances” necessitating forced buyout; court rejec ...

Chancery says bids in squeeze-out merger are not comparable

The Delaware Court of Chancery recently cut short a challenge to a going-private merger when it dismissed the plaintiffs' complaint. The plaintiffs unsuccessfully argued the defendants breached their fiduciary duties when they favored the controller's lower bid over a third-party bidder's higher offer.

Challenge to new Section 2704 regulations is shaping up

The accounting, valuation, and legal professions are hard at work to defeat the Treasury Department's proposed Section 274 regulations. The new regs would curtail, if not entirely eliminate, valuation discounts in family-controlled entities.

Parties’ Valuation Contract Precludes Review of Minority Discount

In share buyback case where parties agree to retain joint appraiser, whom they know from past appraisals of company, and commit to be bound by appraiser’s valuation, court declines to consider seller’s challenge to appraiser’s use of minority discount.

Expert’s Poor Grasp of Valuation Issues Undercuts Shareholder Suit

Appeals court affirms soundness of going private merger; court says plaintiffs failed to point to better offer and their expert lacked formal accounting, economics, and valuation training and displayed a light grasp of issues related to company’s value.

Curran v. Curran

In share buyback case where parties agree to retain joint appraiser, whom they know from past appraisals of company, and commit to be bound by appraiser’s valuation, court declines to consider seller’s challenge to appraiser’s use of minority discount.

Rubin v. Bedford

Appeals court affirms soundness of going private merger; court says plaintiffs failed to point to better offer and their expert lacked formal accounting, economics, and valuation training and displayed a light grasp of issues related to company’s value.

Zelouf Court Reasserts Its Objection to DLOM

New York court rejects majority owners’ post-trial objection to prior ruling against DLOM based on unlikelihood of sale of the business; court is guided by fairness, noting “a DLOM here would be the economic equivalent of imposing a minority discount.”

Expert’s Solid DCF and Industry Research Sway Court

Court discredits respondent expert’s capitalization of earnings calculation and market-based analysis, noting “severe deficiencies” and instead adopts petitioner expert’s valuation but applies DLOM to entire equity value, not just goodwill.

Multimillion-Dollar Personal Goodwill Allocation Leaves Court Stunned

Court says defendants were unjustly enriched when they allocated 40% of the price a competitor paid for assets of and to settle lawsuit with their company to personal goodwill where they also received compensation for consulting services and noncompetes.

Zelouf International Corp. v. Zelouf (II)

New York court rejects majority owners’ post-trial objection to prior ruling against DLOM based on unlikelihood of sale of the business; court is guided by fairness, noting “a DLOM here would be the economic equivalent of imposing a minority discount.”

Wright v. Irish (Hudson Valley Clean Energy, Inc.)

Court discredits respondent expert’s capitalization of earnings calculation and market-based analysis, noting “severe deficiencies” and instead adopts petitioner expert’s valuation but applies DLOM to entire equity value, not just goodwill.

Potok v. Rebh

Court says defendants were unjustly enriched when they allocated 40% of the price a competitor paid for assets of and to settle lawsuit with their company to personal goodwill where they also received compensation for consulting services and noncompetes.

Valuations Underpin DE Chancery’s Ruling in Going-Private Merger

DE Supreme Court affirms use of business judgment review where controlling stockholder buyout includes two procedural protections for minority and finds valuations from independent financial advisor confirmed merger was favorable to minority stockholders.

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