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Tennessee dissenters claim Delaware block method is passé

The use of the Delaware block method in Tennessee recently came under attack in a case involving a closely held Nashville, Tenn.-based media company whose controlling shareholders had pursued a squeeze-out merger and later asked the trial court for a judicial appraisal of the dissenting shareholders' interest.

Flop film poses unique valuation challenge

A recent bankruptcy-related case in front of the California Court of Appeal raises important questions about how one quantifies the value of a dated piece of art, a film, for which there never was a market in the first place.

Chancery relies on income approach to determine fair value in problematic bank merger

In a statutory appraisal action, the Delaware Court of Chancery recently found the deal price did not reflect fair value because the sales process was suboptimal. Certain other methods the parties' experts used also were inadequate to the task, the court said.

Stock-for-Stock Mergers: An Empirical Study of Fairness Determinations in Fairness Opinions

This study asks which valuation approaches and analyses are currently being used as the foundation for fairness opinions in stock-for-stock mergers involving U.S. companies. An examination of the SEC's EDGAR database for the years 2009 through 2014 identified 146 proxy statements for stock-for-stock mergers containing 290 fairness opinions and descriptions of the approaches, methods, and analyses employed. We found that most opinions employed more than one approach, and that opinion providers (primarily investment bankers) determined ...

Cavallaro v. Commissioner (Cavallaro II)

Court of Appeals finds Tax Court held mistaken view of burden of proof and erred in declining to evaluate taxpayers’ multiple challenges to IRS’s expert valuation; on remand, Tax Court may consider new valuation evidence, appeals court says.

Court of Appeals Sides With Taxpayers on Right to Vet IRS Expert Valuation

Court of Appeals finds Tax Court held mistaken view of burden of proof and erred in declining to evaluate taxpayers’ multiple challenges to IRS’s expert valuation; on remand, Tax Court may consider new valuation evidence, appeals court says.

Dunmire v. Farmers & Merchants Bancorp of W. Pa.

Flawed sales process makes merger price an unreliable indicator of fair value for statutory appraisal, Chancery finds; in accord with party experts, court uses discounted net income approach and adopts most of respondent expert’s inputs for its valuation.

Chancery Bases Fair Value Calculation on Income-Based Model

Flawed sales process makes merger price an unreliable indicator of fair value for statutory appraisal, Chancery finds; in accord with party experts, court uses discounted net income approach and adopts most of respondent expert’s inputs for its valuation.

Valuation of key marital asset demands expert opinion

In a Mississippi divorce, the husband's sole-owned fitness training company was the key asset. An accurate valuation was central to achieving an equitable distribution of property, but the parties did not hire experts or even submit much financial information to the trial court.

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF APPRAISERS: Business Valuation Committee Special Topics Paper #1: Use of Offers as Indications of Value in the Market Approach

The market approach can often provide the best indication of the value of a business or an interest therein, because arm's length transactions in, or offers for, a business ownership interest, security, or intangible asset may provide objective, empirical data that can be used in the valuation.

In Buyout, Income-Based Expert Appraisal Beats Other Value Indicators

In partnership dispute, appeals court affirms redemption award based on multiple-of-earnings valuation, finding valuation was reliable and admissible under state equivalent of Daubert and trial court had discretion to disregard other indicators of value.

Dodgy Real Estate Valuation Compromises Dependent Business Valuation

Trial court did not err when it enforced shareholder agreement lacking purchase price and based buyout price on defense expert testimony; opposing expert committed “severe flaws in his methodology and the valuations based upon them,” appeals court says.

Court Snubs Lost Earnings Analysis Based on ‘Incomplete Use’ of Data

Court rejects expert’s loss of business opportunity and lost earnings calculations, finding capitalization of earnings method is inappropriate for valuing company with unstable earnings and lost salary projections are based on “incomplete use” of data.

Why Bankruptcy Court declines to be bound by divorce valuation

Following the divorce, the husband filed for Chapter 13 bankruptcy and asked for confirmation of his plan. The issue was whether the plan could meet the liquidation test applicable under the Bankruptcy Code’s section 1325(a)(4). In essence, the test requires that creditors in a Chapter 13 bankruptcy receive present value payments that are at least equal to the amount the creditors would receive in a Chapter 7 case.

Lay Testimony About Offer to Buy Represents Admissible Valuation Evidence

Appeals court says nonexpert testimony on a real-world offer to buy owner-spouse’s company was relevant and, therefore, admissible because it provided valuation evidence based on market approach; court remands for rehearing on all valuation testimony.

More Valuation Data Do Not Ensure Fair Class Action Settlement

In stockholder class action, Chancery declines to approve settlement that requires plaintiffs to agree to broad release of claims in exchange for additional valuation-related information, finding it fails to meet applicable “fair and reasonable” standard.

Jafar v. Mohammed

In partnership dispute, appeals court affirms redemption award based on multiple-of-earnings valuation, finding valuation was reliable and admissible under state equivalent of Daubert and trial court had discretion to disregard other indicators of value.

Comparable Transaction Exposes Error in Court’s Enterprise Goodwill Ruling

Appeals court strikes divorce ruling adopting income-based valuation of enterprise value of owner’s financial services business, valuation conflicts with data from similar transaction that occurred close to valuation date and involved owner-spouse.

Bocek v. JGA Assocs., LLC

Court rejects expert’s loss of business opportunity and lost earnings calculations, finding capitalization of earnings method is inappropriate for valuing company with unstable earnings and lost salary projections are based on “incomplete use” of data.

In re Discontinuance & Disposition of P.K. Smith Motors, Inc.

Trial court did not err when it enforced shareholder agreement lacking purchase price and based buyout price on defense expert testimony; opposing expert committed “severe flaws in his methodology and the valuations based upon them,” appeals court says.

Value Determination Accords With Parties’ Contract, Chancery Says

Court says valuation firm’s determination of value of defendants’ put units accords with agreement to which plaintiff and defendants committed themselves; since contract does not provide for judicial review, court won’t “second-guess” valuator’s judgment.

New Jersey DLOM ruling inches ancient dissenting shareholder suit to conclusion

The parties' most recent fight focused on whether the prevailing expert's DCF analysis embedded a marketability discount to account for illiquidity. If not, the trial court had to decided what the appropriate DLOM rate was. The plaintiff-selling shareholder argued in favor of a zero DLOM, the defendants-buying shareholders presented an expert valuation that specified a 35% DLOM, based on the expert's use of a market approach.

Tax Court Explains Valuation Method Behind Solvency Ruling

In transferee liability case, Tax Court reconsiders parts of its original solvency determination and clarifies that its analysis relies largely on IRS expert’s market multiple valuation, rather than the asset accumulation value the expert had recommended.

In re Trulia Stockholder Litig.

In stockholder class action, Chancery declines to approve settlement that requires plaintiffs to agree to broad release of claims in exchange for additional valuation-related information, finding it fails to meet applicable “fair and reasonable” standard.

Berger v. Berger

Appeals court says nonexpert testimony on a real-world offer to buy owner-spouse’s company was relevant and, therefore, admissible because it provided valuation evidence based on market approach; court remands for rehearing on all valuation testimony.

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