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Kakollu v. Vadlamudi

In this marital dissolution case, the Indiana Appellate Court affirms the trial court’s decision that no DLOM is allowed in the valuation of a control interest. The husband’s expert failed to provide sufficient evidence that a DLOM was appropriate at the level the wife’s expert claimed. The court also affirmed the decision that $50,000 of legal and expert fees the husband paid in advance is not part of the marital estate and thus not subject to offset.

Court Affirms No DLOM in Valuation of a Control Interest, Wife’s Legal Fees Are Not Part of Marital Estate

In this marital dissolution case, the Indiana Appellate Court affirms the trial court’s decision that no DLOM is allowed in the valuation of a control interest. The husband’s expert failed to provide sufficient evidence that a DLOM was appropriate at the level the wife’s expert claimed. The court also affirmed the decision that $50,000 of legal and expert fees the husband paid in advance is not part of the marital estate and thus not subject to offset.

Discounts inappropriate under controlling agreement, appeals court finds

In a buyout dispute involving a limited liability company, the Oregon Court of Appeals recently overturned a trial court’s decision to apply discounts when valuing the departing member’s minority interest.

Reminder: Please take our DLOM survey

BVR is conducting a short survey that examines the methodologies and specific tools practitioners use to estimate DLOM.

DLOM for a 100% interest in a private company?

One-third of valuation practitioners apply a discount for lack of marketability to a 100% interest in a private company, and 50% say “maybe,” reveals preliminary results of BVR’s DLOM survey.

A busy initial public offering (IPO) market

June had over 60 initial public offerings, and the second quarter of 2021 was the busiest quarter for IPOs in over 20 years.

Practical Applications of DLOM: Methods and Data (Part 2)

From rules of thumb to complex approaches, determining what methods to use can be as difficult as determining the actual discount for lack of marketability. Join Pasquale Rafanelli and prepare yourself for upcoming DLOM engagements. In Part 1, learn the pros and cons of each method and how to apply and support them. See these concepts applied in the case study-based Part 2. Attend either or, better yet, both.

Practical Applications of DLOM: Methods and Data (Part 1)

From rules of thumb to complex approaches, determining what methods to use can be as difficult as determining the actual discount for lack of marketability. Join Pasquale Rafanelli and prepare yourself for upcoming DLOM engagements. In Part 1, learn the pros and cons of each method and how to apply and support them. See these concepts applied in the case study-based Part 2.

Updated Data in Largest Pre-IPO Study Reveal High Discounts

New pre-IPO data for the first quarter of 2021 has been added to the Valuation Advisors Lack of Marketability Discount Study, which is the largest study of its kind. The use of pre-IPO data is a widely used and accepted method for estimating a discount for lack of marketability (DLOM).

BV News and Trends June 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

How to Use New Data on Invested Capital Premiums

To estimate acquisition premiums the use of invested capital premiums is highly encouraged in certain situations. This article presents a case study and step-by-step guide to using these data that are now included in the Factset Mergerstat/BVR Control Premium Study.

Global BV News and Trends June 2021

Business valuation news from a global perspective.

Size effect is ‘fiction,’ Damodaran reiterates

“There has been no size premium for the past 40 years,” said Professor Aswath Damodaran (New York University Stern School of Business), who has been called the “Dean of Valuation.”

Federal Tax Litigation, Expert Witnesses, and the IRS

Michael Gregory will address key rules for federal expert witnesses, valuation issues with the IRS, identify key recent BV federal cases, and introduce you to what to expect in 2022. This session will also share information you need from a business valuer that mediates, negotiates, and facilitates alternative dispute resolution to give clients timely closure with significant savings with the IRS and others. After this session you will be able to: reference key federal statutes ...

Iowa Supreme Court Allows Reduction in Value for Transaction Costs but Refuses to Allow a Reduction for Built-In Capital Gains Tax

This case was decided, on appeal, under the Iowa “election-to-purchase-in-lieu-of-dissolution statute.” The Iowa Supreme Court decided that, because the parties’ experts had “both included transaction costs in their valuations under a net asset approach, the district court’s failure to reduce the asset values to account for the costs to liquidate the corporation’s assets warranted reversal.” Additionally, since there was no evidence of an intention to liquidate the company or its assets, the court declined to adjust for the built-in gains tax consequences urged by the majority shareholder.

Guge v. Kassel Enters.

This case was decided, on appeal, under the Iowa “election-to-purchase-in-lieu-of-dissolution statute.” The court decided that, because the parties’ experts had “both included transaction costs in their valuations under a net asset approach, the district court’s failure to reduce the asset values to account for the costs to liquidate the corporation’s assets warranted reversal.” Additionally, since there was no evidence of an intention to liquidate the company or its assets, the court declined to adjust for the built-in gains tax consequences urged by the majority shareholder.

Dipak Patel v. Siddhi Hospitality, LLC

This case dealt with compensation for a partner’s 25% interest in a business after he was expelled from the business. The appellate court remanded the case to the trial court for a recalculation of the compensation without the inclusion of discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability. The trial court allowed those discounts on the theory that the expelled partner was to receive the fair market value of his 25% interest in the entity. The appellate court determined that the operating agreement required him to be compensated for 25% of the FMV of the assets of the LLC and not the FMV of his 25% in the LLC entity.

Oregon Appellate Court Disallows Discounts for Lack of Control and Lack of Marketability

This case dealt with compensation for a partner’s 25% interest in a business after he was expelled from the business. The appellate court remanded the case to the trial court for a recalculation of the compensation without the inclusion of discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability. The trial court allowed those discounts on the theory that the expelled partner was to receive the fair market value of his 25% interest in the entity. The appellate court determined that the operating agreement required him to be compensated for 25% of the FMV of the assets of the LLC and not the FMV of his 25% in the LLC entity.

Business Combinations and Fair Value for Financial Reporting

Are you confused by business combinations? Join William Kennedy for this engaging session covering GAAP fair value standards and their application in business combinations. Hear a discussion of the nuances of the GAAP fair value standard and history of how it was developed as part of the GAAP-IFRS convergence project. Also learn how the valuation approaches and methods used in fair value assessment differ from valuation approaches used in a fair market value appraisal.

Island Light & Power Co. v. Sara Golvinveaux McGinnes 2011 Trust

In this shareholder dissent suit, the one-third shareholder of Island Light & Power Co. (aka BIPCO) dissented to a forced sale of the assets of BIPCO resulting in a liquidation of BIPCO and of the shareholder Trust’s stock. In a resulting bench trial, the court rejected the fair value determinations of the experts for both parties and adopted its own methodology (as is allowed by Rhode Island courts, including its Supreme Court) to determine the fair value of the one-third interest held by the Trust.

Court Adopts its Own Methodology in Determining Fair Value in a Shareholder Dissent Suit

In this shareholder dissent suit in Rhode Island, the one-third shareholder of Island Light & Power Co. (aka BIPCO) dissented to a forced sale of the assets of BIPCO resulting in a liquidation of BIPCO and a liquidation of the shareholder Trust’s stock. In a bench trial resulting from the dissent, the court rejected the fair value determinations of the experts for both parties and adopted its own methodology (as is allowed by Rhode Island courts, including its Supreme Court) to determine the fair value of the one-third interest held by the Trust.

Company-Specific Risk Is Not All That Specific

All firms face company-specific risks, many of which are somewhat similar across industries and companies. So is anything really company-specific? An alternative method eliminates the need to totally guess at the company-specific risk premium.

BV News and Trends May 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Illiquidity Discounts for Restricted Equity Securities with Random or Indefinite Liquidity Horizons

Illiquidity discounts depend on the length of the trading restriction period. Existing theoretical restricted stock discount models are adapted to situations in which the trading restriction period has a well-defined fixed length. In many scenarios, the private equity investor faces a liquidity horizon that may be random or indefinite rather than of known fixed length. Stillian Ghaidarov will review a simple and robust methodology that allows us to extend the use of restricted stock discount ...

Estate of Michael J. Jackson v. Commissioner

Tax Court mostly sides with estate of late superstar in valuing three contested assets; assets had to be valued separately, based on parties’ stipulations, and at death; court says Jackson’s “tattered” image and likeness meant he earned little money apart from his music; court rejects tax affecting.

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