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Review of Surveys on Cost of Capital Data Sources and Inputs

The Kroll Cost of Capital Navigator continues to be widely used and accepted for estimating cost of equity (COE). But BVR’s Cost of Capital Professional has been gaining considerable steam since its launch in 2018, according to a BVR survey. Some other resources for estimating the cost of capital have also seen an uptick in usage.

BV News and Trends March 2024

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Lower ERP likely for 2024, predicts Kroll

One of the “pivotal” trends for 2024 is a likely drop in the equity risk premium (ERP), predicts Kroll in its list of “10 Trends Shaping 2024.”

BV Year in Review 2023: Recruiting Push

The business valuation profession continued to thrive in 2023 amid ongoing challenges, such as how to reflect uncertainty, inflation, and market volatility in valuations. But another issue loomed large in the profession: attracting and retaining new young talent.

Damodaran posts his second data update for 2024

Focusing on the equity markets in the U.S. and across the world, Professor Aswath Damodaran (New York University Stern School of Business) has posted his second data update of 2024.

Damodaran posts his first data update for 2024

At the beginning of each year, Professor Aswath Damodaran (New York University Stern School of Business) generously posts a great amount of data on his website that include risk-free rates, equity risk premiums (ERPs), corporate default spreads, corporate tax rates, country risk premiums, and other data—all of which are free.

Kroll conducts survey of cost of capital inputs

In the last issue, we presented results of several surveys on the various resources practitioners use for estimating cost of capital.

BVR survey reveals COE data sources of choice

While the Kroll Cost of Capital Navigator continues to be widely used and accepted for estimating cost of equity (COE), BVR’s Cost of Capital Professional has been gaining considerable steam since its launch in 2018, according to a BVR survey.

Update on Current Inputs for Valuations Amid High Inflation

Carla Nunes and Jim Harrington, both with Kroll, present two very helpful charts on long-term inflation expectations and projections for long-term real GDP growth. The charts include the sources for developing the estimates.

Hitchner Updates the Risk/Return Spectrum for Cost of Capital

A good visual to use for checking the reasonableness of your cost of capital estimate is the spectrum of rates in the market. Jim Hitchner (Financial Valuation Advisors Inc.) has done an update to this spectrum, which can be used in valuation reports and in court.

Practical Considerations in Normalizing the Risk-Free Rate

Some valuation firms and practitioners have advocated that the risk-free rate of return (Rf) should be normalized when it is believed to be too low because of Federal Reserve Bank policies. Recent arguments for doing so have been based on technical economic analyses but have ignored practical aspects of normalizing Rf. This article is intended to address those practical considerations.

BV News and Trends August 2023

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Advanced Topics and Case Studies When Valuing Family Limited Partnerships and LLCs

As professional methodology has advanced and tax court cases have confirmed, employing analytical techniques to value family limited partnerships/LLCs using the income and market approaches allow appraisers to determine an accurate value objectively. Certain types of partnerships may be considered complicated. This webinar will focus on valuing more complex FLPs using case studies. Mr. Johnson will present empirical data that support the use of these objective appraisal methods and share his opinion on current issues ...

Business Valuation Through an ESG Lens

Understand the risks that environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors impose on business values. This presentation will begin with an overview of ESG and the current regulatory and disclosure environment. Next, the presenters will dive into the impact that ESG scores have had on investment policies and credit decisions. Lastly, the webinar will cover the impacts of ESG on business values including the ESG components considered in the new IVSC exposure draft.

BV News and Trends June 2023

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Kroll lowers recommended ERP to 5.5%

Kroll has decreased its recommended U.S. equity risk premium (ERP) from 6.0% to 5.5% when developing USD-denominated discount rates as of June 8, 2023.

BV News and Trends May 2023

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

New Country Risk Data Update Reminds Valuers of Factors to Consider

A data update from Aswath Damodaran (New York University Stern School of Business) helps valuation experts explain how they considered each of the risk factors in assessing value for business assets located outside of the U.S.

BVU News and Trends April 2023

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Damodaran posts 2023 edition of ERP paper

The “dean of valuation,” Professor Aswath Damodaran (New York University Stern School of Business) has posted “Equity Risk Premiums (ERP): Determinants, Estimation and Implications—The 2023 Edition.”

BV News and Trends March 2023

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Size effect is hibernating, per new paper

The size premium is more significantly related to monetary policy than to firm quality or to business cycle troughs, according to a new paper.

COE Estimates From Leading Data Sets Are All ‘Very Close’

Jim Hitchner conducted a hypothetical engagement using Kroll’s Navigator, BVR’s Cost of Capital Professional, the Pepperdine study, and Damodaran’s data to estimate cost of equity (COE).

Tax Court (Grudgingly) Allows Tax Affecting Under the SEAM Method

This was a gift tax valuation case the U.S. Tax Court decided. Gifts of minority interests in The Biltmore Co. were made from the its shareholders, the Cecils, to their children and grandchildren. The IRS audited the gift tax returns and assessed deficiencies for reporting too low fair market values of the gifts of The Biltmore Co. stock. Both sides presented experts to value the gifted interests. The experts agreed that the cash flows should be tax affected. The court accepted the tax affecting while allowing that it was not an admission by the Tax Court that tax affecting should apply in all cases. The Tax Court made changes to the values presented and cobbled together a final value that resulted in refunds to the taxpayers/petitioners.

Estate of Cecil v. Comm’r

This was a gift tax valuation case the U.S. Tax Court decided. Gifts of minority interests in The Biltmore Co. were made from the its shareholders, the Cecils, to their children and grandchildren. The IRS audited the gift tax returns and assessed deficiencies for reporting too low fair market values of the gifts of The Biltmore Co. stock. Both sides presented experts to value the gifted interests. The experts agreed that the cash flows should be tax affected. The court accepted the tax affecting while allowing that it was not an admission by the Tax Court that tax affecting should apply in all cases. The Tax Court made changes to the values presented and cobbled together a final value that resulted in refunds to the taxpayers/petitioners.

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