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New Case Points Up Opportunity for Buy-Sell Valuations

A recent court case illustrates that many buy-sell agreements do not adequately address the issue of valuation when an owner exits the firm. This represents an opportunity for valuation experts to review clients’ buy-sell agreements to identify potential problems, which could mean recurring business for the practice.

BV News and Trends January 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

New case points up valuation perils in buy-sell agreements

From a valuation standpoint, the lack of a buy-sell agreement—or one with a valuation provision that’s poorly drafted—can result in costly litigation and a painful falling out between business partners and/or family members.

Silver lining to Vinoskey ESOP appeal decision

In the well-publicized Vinoskey ESOP case (our latest coverage is here), the appellate court affirmed the district court in deciding that the company owner had extensive knowledge about the company and its prior valuations, and, thus, it was plausible to infer that “something was off.”

BV News and Trends December 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Letter sent to Congress regarding valuation discounts

The American Society of Appraisers and over 100 other business groups and organizations sent a letter to Rep. Neal (D-Mass.) and Rep. Wyden (D-Ore.) urging exclusion of any tax proposals that would impact family businesses and farms, such as eliminating discounts for lack of control or marketability.

New edition of a guide on valuing FLPs

BVR is happy to announce that the Comprehensive Guide to the Valuation of Family Limited Partnerships and LLCs is the newest addition to its bookstore.

Premium Gap Closes Between Strategic and Financial Acquisitions

The difference between the premium strategic buyers pay for acquisitions versus what financial buyers pay has decreased, according to recent data in the Factset MergerStat/BVR Control Premium Study.

BV News and Trends September 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Expelled partner should get FMV—but of what?

An Oregon appellate case deals with compensation for a partner’s 25% interest in a business after he is expelled from the firm.

Pourmoradi v. Gabbai

This California appellate case reviewed the trial court’s decision that discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability were not appropriate in determining the value to be paid to the plaintiffs in this corporate dissolution case where the remaining 50% owners exercised their right to purchase the plaintiff’s 50% interest in the LLC.

California Appellate Court Remands for Application of Trial Court of Wrong Standard of Value Denying Discounts

This California appellate case reviewed the trial court’s decision that discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability were not appropriate in determining the value to be paid to the plaintiffs in this corporate dissolution case where the remaining 50% owners exercised their right to purchase the plaintiff’s 50% interest in the LLC.

Updated data for estimating DLOC in closely held holding companies

Closed-end fund (CEF) data are commonly used to derive discounts for lack of control (DLOC) for closely held holding companies invested in marketable securities.

Discounts inappropriate under controlling agreement, appeals court finds

In a buyout dispute involving a limited liability company, the Oregon Court of Appeals recently overturned a trial court’s decision to apply discounts when valuing the departing member’s minority interest.

How to Use New Data on Invested Capital Premiums

To estimate acquisition premiums the use of invested capital premiums is highly encouraged in certain situations. This article presents a case study and step-by-step guide to using these data that are now included in the Factset Mergerstat/BVR Control Premium Study.

Dipak Patel v. Siddhi Hospitality, LLC

This case dealt with compensation for a partner’s 25% interest in a business after he was expelled from the business. The appellate court remanded the case to the trial court for a recalculation of the compensation without the inclusion of discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability. The trial court allowed those discounts on the theory that the expelled partner was to receive the fair market value of his 25% interest in the entity. The appellate court determined that the operating agreement required him to be compensated for 25% of the FMV of the assets of the LLC and not the FMV of his 25% in the LLC entity.

Oregon Appellate Court Disallows Discounts for Lack of Control and Lack of Marketability

This case dealt with compensation for a partner’s 25% interest in a business after he was expelled from the business. The appellate court remanded the case to the trial court for a recalculation of the compensation without the inclusion of discounts for lack of control and lack of marketability. The trial court allowed those discounts on the theory that the expelled partner was to receive the fair market value of his 25% interest in the entity. The appellate court determined that the operating agreement required him to be compensated for 25% of the FMV of the assets of the LLC and not the FMV of his 25% in the LLC entity.

Illiquidity Discounts for Restricted Equity Securities with Random or Indefinite Liquidity Horizons

Illiquidity discounts depend on the length of the trading restriction period. Existing theoretical restricted stock discount models are adapted to situations in which the trading restriction period has a well-defined fixed length. In many scenarios, the private equity investor faces a liquidity horizon that may be random or indefinite rather than of known fixed length. Stillian Ghaidarov will review a simple and robust methodology that allows us to extend the use of restricted stock discount ...

Indiana Supreme Court Issues Key Ruling on Discounts in Compelled Buybacks

Last year, in a compelled buyout, the Court of Appeals sided with the departing minority shareholder when it found discounts did not apply in a closed-market sale. In a freshly minted decision, the Indiana Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals, finding there was no blanket rule disallowing discounts in a compelled buyback. This is especially true where the parties exercised a shareholder agreement whose terms suggested the use of fair market value.

Tax Court allows for ‘slight’ discount for lack of control for majority interests in real estate holding companies

In a gift and estate tax dispute, the estate and Internal Revenue Service agreed to apply discounts for lack of control and marketability to the majority interests in a number of real estate holding companies.

Tax Court Allows for ‘Slight’ Discount for Lack of Control for Majority Interests in Real Estate Holding Companies

In a gift and estate tax dispute, the estate and Internal Revenue Service agreed to apply discounts for lack of control and marketability to the majority interests in a number of real estate holding companies. The U.S. Tax Court noted that, in prior decisions, the court found no discount for lack of control applied. However, given the parties’ agreement, here, the court said it would apply a “slight” or “low” discount.

Estate of Warne v. Commissioner

In a gift and estate tax dispute, the estate and Internal Revenue Service agreed to apply discounts for lack of control and marketability to the majority interests in a number of real estate holding companies. The U.S. Tax Court noted that, in prior decisions, the court found no discount for lack of control applied. However, given the parties’ agreement, here, the court said it would apply a “slight” or “low” discount.

Indiana Supreme Court issues key ruling on discounts in compelled buybacks

Last year, in a compelled buyout, the Court of Appeals sided with the departing minority shareholder when it found discounts did not apply in a closed-market sale.

BVU News and Trends January 2021

A monthly roundup of key developments of interest to business valuation experts.

Indiana Supreme Court Rejects Blanket Rule Against Discounts in Compulsory, Closed-Market Share Buyback

High court says there is no blanket rule against the use of discounts in a compulsory, closed-market buyback; parties’ freedom to contract right allowed for discounts under shareholder agreement that mandated buyback of plaintiff’s minority interest by company under fair market value standard.

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