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Nelson v. Commissioner

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

Court Says Reduced Minority Discount Appropriate Where Minority Interest Has Elements of Control

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

Discounts inappropriate in valuing minority interest in mandatory buyback, appeals court rules

When a minority shareholder in an Indiana company was terminated as a director and officer, a dispute arose over whether, under a buyback agreement, the use of discounts for lack of control and marketability was permissible in valuing his shares.

Hartman v. BigInch Fabricators & Construction Holding Co., Inc.

In dispute about valuation of terminated shareholder’s minority interest, appeals court finds the trial court erred when it allowed discounts for lack of control and marketability; under controlling case law, discounts are inappropriate where the buyback is mandatory and to the controlling party.

In Mandatory Buyback, Indiana Appeals Court Disallows Use of Discounts

In dispute about valuation of terminated shareholder’s minority interest, appeals court finds the trial court erred when it allowed discounts for lack of control and marketability; under controlling case law, discounts are inappropriate where the buyback is mandatory and to the controlling party.

Best Practices – Thought Leadership in Valuation, Damages, and Transfer Price Analysis

March 2020 Hardcover

Robert F. Reilly, Robert P. Schweihs

Best Practicesincludes more than 1,200 pages of thought leadership on a wide range of topics, including the valuation of private company securities and intangible assets, valuation for property tax purposes, valuation for ESOPs, fair value measurement for financial accounting purposes, transfer price analysis, and economic damages measurement. Learn more >>

Simplified MUM approach weathers attacks in Illinois divorce case

One of the key questions in an Illinois divorce case was how to allocate goodwill between enterprise and personal goodwill.

In re Marriage of Preston

In divorce case, appellate court upholds valuation based on opinion of husband’s expert using MUM method to separate total goodwill value into personal and enterprise components; court also upholds use of small marketability discount where owner spouse is the sole owner of the company.

Courts Find Minority Discount Unwarranted Under Facts of Case

In valuing owner-spouse’s minority interest in LLC, trial court “would have been well within its discretion to apply a minority discount,” appeals court says, but it was not error for trial court to reject a discount based on certain questionable actions related to the owner’s interest.

Cobane v. Cobane

In valuing owner-spouse’s minority interest in LLC, trial court “would have been well within its discretion to apply a minority discount,” appeals court says, but it was not error for trial court to reject a discount based on certain questionable actions related to the owner’s interest.

DCF Projections Failed to Reflect Target’s Operative Reality, Chancery Says

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

DCF Projections Failed to Reflect Target’s Operative Reality, Chancery Says

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

ACP Master, Ltd. v. Sprint Corp.

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

Manipulation of Valuation of Bequeathed Stock Sinks Charitable Contribution Claim

Tax Court says executor of estate in series of post-death measures changed the value and size of decedent’s stock donation and may not claim date-of-death value of assets not actually transferred to family foundation; court affirms estate tax deficiency.

Demand for Executive Compensation Data Lacks ‘Proper Purpose’

Appeals court finds no error in trial court’s rejection of plaintiff’s demand for inspection of corporate records on executive compensation, where expert testimony showed information was not necessary to value plaintiff’s minority interest in company.

Estate of Dieringer v. Commissioner

Tax Court says executor of estate in series of post-death measures changed the value and size of decedent’s stock donation and may not claim date-of-death value of assets not actually transferred to family foundation; court affirms estate tax deficiency.

Pearson v. Westervelt Co.

Appeals court finds no error in trial court’s rejection of plaintiff’s demand for inspection of corporate records on executive compensation, where expert testimony showed information was not necessary to value plaintiff’s minority interest in company.

Whether to mark up assets; Whether to tax affect gains

My question is in relation to a divorce case in which the main marital asset is an operating retail business. The business is organized as an S corporation and it possesses appreciated real ...

Reflecting dilution from warrants

When valuing a controlling interest in a company which has unexercised stock warrants (the warrants are held by other shareholders) at the date of death, how should I factor the warrants int ...

How to treat non-operating assets

Treatment of Non-operating Assets With a focus on Excess Working Capital , Kenneth W. Patton, Business Appraisal Practice , Winter 2000-2001, pp.41-47. This article focuses on identifying non ...

Fair market value, the willing buyer, and lessons from the Ninth Circuit

Last issue we discussed the characteristics of the willing buyer. This is a follow-up to that article. Who makes up the pool of potential willing buyers? That concept as it relates to a minority in ...

ASA International Appraisers Conference Presentation Summaries

n Discount Settlements on Recent Family Limited Partnership Cases Curtis Kimball, ASA, CFA Willamette Management Associates Curtis Kimball discussed the increasingly popular medium for e ...

The oxymoron of "control, marketable"

When we use the terms "marketable" or "nonmarketable" in business appraisal, we typically are referring to minority interests. Yet, some people apply the expression "marketable" or "nonmarketable" to controlling interests, where the distinction seems meaningless.

Marketability discount appropriate where no ready market exists

The issue in this marriage dissolution case is whether a marketability discount should be applied in determining the valuation of the common stock of the family business.

Marketability discount appropriate for 100% interest valuation

The issue in this marriage dissolution case is whether a marketability discount should be applied in determining the value of the common stock of the family business. Husband owned all of ...

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