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Appellate court affirms zero DLOM for a 100% control interest

In a divorce matter, an Indiana appellate court has upheld the lower court’s decision not to allow a discount for lack of marketability (DLOM) on a 100% control interest in a business the husband owned.

Indiana Supreme Court Issues Key Ruling on Discounts in Compelled Buybacks

Last year, in a compelled buyout, the Court of Appeals sided with the departing minority shareholder when it found discounts did not apply in a closed-market sale. In a freshly minted decision, the Indiana Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals, finding there was no blanket rule disallowing discounts in a compelled buyback. This is especially true where the parties exercised a shareholder agreement whose terms suggested the use of fair market value.

Indiana Supreme Court issues key ruling on discounts in compelled buybacks

Last year, in a compelled buyout, the Court of Appeals sided with the departing minority shareholder when it found discounts did not apply in a closed-market sale.

Global BVU News and Trends January 2021

Business valuation news from a global perspective.

Hartman v. BigInch Fabricators & Construction Holding Co., Inc. (Hartman II)

High court says there is no blanket rule against the use of discounts in a compulsory, closed-market buyback; parties’ freedom to contract right allowed for discounts under shareholder agreement that mandated buyback of plaintiff’s minority interest by company under fair market value standard.

Indiana Supreme Court Rejects Blanket Rule Against Discounts in Compulsory, Closed-Market Share Buyback

High court says there is no blanket rule against the use of discounts in a compulsory, closed-market buyback; parties’ freedom to contract right allowed for discounts under shareholder agreement that mandated buyback of plaintiff’s minority interest by company under fair market value standard.

Total Beta—Where Does It Fit in Valuation Theory

The valuation of any company by the discounted cash flow method is divided into two different tasks: forecasting cash flows and discounting these same cash flows using the appropriate discount rate. The latter requires a good understanding of the risks faced by the subject company's cash flows to be able to determine the appropriate risk premia to compensate a typical willing buyer and satisfy a typical willing seller. There is a high level of ambiguity ...

Take Control of Your Premiums

Join BVR for a first look at the new Control Premium Study platform. In the session we will cover the basics of the control premium study, discuss the enhancements to the platform, and provide a walkthrough of how to best utilize the new platform to retrieve control premiums, minority discounts, and multiples.

Nelson v. Commissioner

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

Court Says Reduced Minority Discount Appropriate Where Minority Interest Has Elements of Control

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

Discounts inappropriate in valuing minority interest in mandatory buyback, appeals court rules

When a minority shareholder in an Indiana company was terminated as a director and officer, a dispute arose over whether, under a buyback agreement, the use of discounts for lack of control and marketability was permissible in valuing his shares.

In Mandatory Buyback, Indiana Appeals Court Disallows Use of Discounts

In dispute about valuation of terminated shareholder’s minority interest, appeals court finds the trial court erred when it allowed discounts for lack of control and marketability; under controlling case law, discounts are inappropriate where the buyback is mandatory and to the controlling party.

Hartman v. BigInch Fabricators & Construction Holding Co., Inc. (Hartman I)

In dispute about valuation of terminated shareholder’s minority interest, appeals court finds the trial court erred when it allowed discounts for lack of control and marketability; under controlling case law, discounts are inappropriate where the buyback is mandatory and to the controlling party.

Best Practices – Thought Leadership in Valuation, Damages, and Transfer Price Analysis

March 2020 Hardcover

Robert F. Reilly, Robert P. Schweihs

Best Practicesincludes more than 1,200 pages of thought leadership on a wide range of topics, including the valuation of private company securities and intangible assets, valuation for property tax purposes, valuation for ESOPs, fair value measurement for financial accounting purposes, transfer price analysis, and economic damages measurement. Learn more >>

Simplified MUM approach weathers attacks in Illinois divorce case

One of the key questions in an Illinois divorce case was how to allocate goodwill between enterprise and personal goodwill.

In re Marriage of Preston

In divorce case, appellate court upholds valuation based on opinion of husband’s expert using MUM method to separate total goodwill value into personal and enterprise components; court also upholds use of small marketability discount where owner spouse is the sole owner of the company.

Courts Find Minority Discount Unwarranted Under Facts of Case

In valuing owner-spouse’s minority interest in LLC, trial court “would have been well within its discretion to apply a minority discount,” appeals court says, but it was not error for trial court to reject a discount based on certain questionable actions related to the owner’s interest.

Cobane v. Cobane

In valuing owner-spouse’s minority interest in LLC, trial court “would have been well within its discretion to apply a minority discount,” appeals court says, but it was not error for trial court to reject a discount based on certain questionable actions related to the owner’s interest.

DCF Projections Failed to Reflect Target’s Operative Reality, Chancery Says

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

DCF Projections Failed to Reflect Target’s Operative Reality, Chancery Says

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

ACP Master, Ltd. v. Sprint Corp.

In joint fiduciary-appraisal action centering on Sprint’s acquisition of minority interest in related entity, Chancery says merger was entirely fair and adopts respondent expert’s DCF analysis; huge value gap is 90% due to experts’ choice of projections.

Manipulation of Valuation of Bequeathed Stock Sinks Charitable Contribution Claim

Tax Court says executor of estate in series of post-death measures changed the value and size of decedent’s stock donation and may not claim date-of-death value of assets not actually transferred to family foundation; court affirms estate tax deficiency.

Demand for Executive Compensation Data Lacks ‘Proper Purpose’

Appeals court finds no error in trial court’s rejection of plaintiff’s demand for inspection of corporate records on executive compensation, where expert testimony showed information was not necessary to value plaintiff’s minority interest in company.

Estate of Dieringer v. Commissioner

Tax Court says executor of estate in series of post-death measures changed the value and size of decedent’s stock donation and may not claim date-of-death value of assets not actually transferred to family foundation; court affirms estate tax deficiency.

Pearson v. Westervelt Co.

Appeals court finds no error in trial court’s rejection of plaintiff’s demand for inspection of corporate records on executive compensation, where expert testimony showed information was not necessary to value plaintiff’s minority interest in company.

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