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Two cases on trapped-in gains tax—with opposite outcomes

In a California divorce case we recently covered, an appeals court disallowed a discount for possible future taxes because the taxes were neither immediate nor specific.

Appeals court OKs one discount, KOs another in divorce matter

In a California divorce matter, the husband’s expert applied two discounts to the valuation of the wife’s one-half interest in his business: one discount for possible future taxes and one for a discount for lack of marketability (DLOM).

Harvey v. Harvey (In re Michael S.)

In this divorce case, on appeal, the California appellate court rejected a discount for taxes not immediate and specific and allowed a DLOM regarding the value of the wife’s one-half interest in the jointly owned business. The court also determined that “the [trial] court impliedly made the factual findings necessary to support its ruling regarding Cynthia’s breach of fiduciary duty claim.” Finally, the appeals court determined that the trial court had the authority to set its own terms for payment of the equalization amount to the wife.

In a Divorce Case, the California Court of Appeal Rejects Discount for Taxes Not Immediate and Specific But Allows a DLOM

In this divorce case, on appeal, the California appellate court rejected a discount for taxes not immediate and specific and allowed a DLOM regarding the value of the wife’s one-half interest in the jointly owned business. The court also determined that “the [trial] court impliedly made the factual findings necessary to support its ruling regarding Cynthia’s breach of fiduciary duty claim.” Finally, the appeals court determined that the trial court had the authority to set its own terms for payment of the equalization amount to the wife.

Papin v. Papin

High court upholds classification and valuation of husband’s investment management business, noting business consists of book of business, which can exist without owner, and owner’s skills and expertise, which are his separate property; proceeds from sale of book of business are community property.

Trajectory of Owner’s Investment Management Business Raises Characterization and Valuation Issues

A complex divorce case in front of the Idaho Supreme Court featuring an investment management business that the husband had set up before and sold during the marriage raised noteworthy issues about the nature of the business and the characterization and valuation of its various components (book of business vs. owner’s skills). A related flashpoint was whether the nonowner spouse was entitled to any appreciation (enhancement) in the value of the business that occurred ...

Louisiana Courts Wrestle With Treatment of Debt in Community Property Valuation

In community property partition case, appeals court upholds valuation of community-owned firm; firm is not responsible for debts of an acquired company that are personally guaranteed by husband but not by express corporate contract; valuation must not subtract debt amount.

Henry v. Henry

In community property partition case, appeals court upholds valuation of community-owned firm; firm is not responsible for debts of an acquired company that are personally guaranteed by husband but not by express corporate contract; valuation must not subtract debt amount.

Arizona Court Says Owner’s Goodwill in Restaurants Represents Community Asset

Appeals court affirms trial court’s decision to give wife portion of value of goodwill in two restaurants husband set up with new partner during separation, where restaurants carried husband’s name and featured recipes he had developed during the marriage; goodwill is a community asset.

Jimenez v. Jimenez

Appeals court affirms trial court’s decision to give wife portion of value of goodwill in two restaurants husband set up with new partner during separation, where restaurants carried husband’s name and featured recipes he had developed during the marriage; goodwill is a community asset.

Vedros v. Vedros

Court says discounting for lack of marketability of minority interest in home healthcare agency, operating as an S corporation, is appropriate where LLC agreement included transfer restrictions and partners were not planning to buy out owner spouse.

Facts Support Discounts in Valuation of Small Healthcare Agency

Court says discounting for lack of marketability of minority interest in home healthcare agency, operating as an S corporation, is appropriate where LLC agreement included transfer restrictions and partners were not planning to buy out owner spouse.

Court Highlights Role of Community Labor in Goodwill Analysis

Appeals court says record supports nonowner spouse’s claim to a share of owner’s CPA’s practice; business changed from separate to community property, and most of its value consisted of professional goodwill, which was created by community labor.

WA court’s goodwill analysis looks a lot like appreciation analysis

A recent Washington state divorce case included a noteworthy discussion of goodwill where the owner spouse’s business arguably was separate property. Divorce experts will notice that the court’s goodwill analysis has much in common with an appreciation analysis.

In re Marriage of Vandal

Appeals court says record supports nonowner spouse’s claim to a share of owner’s CPA’s practice; business changed from separate to community property, and most of its value consisted of professional goodwill, which was created by community labor.

Court Highlights Role of Community Labor in Goodwill Analysis

Appeals court says record supports nonowner spouse’s claim to a share of owner’s CPA’s practice; business changed from separate to community property, and most of its value consisted of professional goodwill, which was created by community labor.

Court Treats Outpatient Surgery Center as Extension of Physician’s Practice

Court says deducting personal goodwill from valuation of physician’s interest in outpatient surgical center is appropriate even if physician was not an employee of center; entity’s income and total value depended on its physician members’ patient base.

Bulloch v. Bulloch

Court says deducting personal goodwill from valuation of physician’s interest in outpatient surgical center is appropriate even if physician was not an employee of center; entity’s income and total value depended on its physician members’ patient base.

Court Treats Outpatient Surgery Center as Extension of Physician’s Practice

Court says deducting personal goodwill from valuation of physician’s interest in outpatient surgical center is appropriate even if physician was not an employee of center; entity’s income and total value depended on its physician members’ patient base.

No Automatic Bar to Minority Discount in Divorce Cases

Appeals court says state law does not bar use of minority share discount in divorce cases and declines to impose a bright-line rule; rather, the trial court has to consider interest holder’s level of control and likelihood of sale before use of discount.

Court Affirms Rightness of Expert’s ‘Marital Value’ Calculation

Court upholds expert’s idiosyncratic valuation approach based on ascertaining “marital value” of community’s grocery stores as opposed to stores’ “investment value”; since the stores were not sold, valuation properly captured their value to owner spouse.

Schickner v. Schickner

Appeals court says state law does not bar use of minority share discount in divorce cases and declines to impose a bright-line rule; rather, the trial court has to consider interest holder’s level of control and likelihood of sale before use of discount.

In re Honer

Court upholds expert’s idiosyncratic valuation approach based on ascertaining “marital value” of community’s grocery stores as opposed to stores’ “investment value”; since the stores were not sold, valuation properly captured their value to owner spouse.

Murky Goodwill Testimony Makes Partner Agreement Best Indicator of Value

Trial court was justified in disregarding any commercial goodwill in husband’s interest in a professional practice and relying on partnership agreement, Texas appeals court finds, where goodwill is not accessible and expert testimony as to its existence a ...

Hill v. Hill

Trial court was justified in disregarding any commercial goodwill in husband’s interest in a professional practice and relying on partnership agreement, Texas appeals court finds, where goodwill is not accessible and expert testimony as to its existence a ...

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