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Tax Court rejects claimed deduction for management fees

The U.S. Tax Court recently agreed with the Internal Revenue Service that management fees a corporation paid to its three shareholders over a three-year period were not deductible since none of the fees were paid “purely for services” and the petitioner failed to show the fees were “ordinary, necessary, and reasonable.”

Prince Estate and IRS Embroiled in Fierce IP Valuation Dispute

Back in January, BVWire ran a news item on a recent article from the Star Tribune. The article states that the executor of the estate of Prince, the late world-famous rock star, and the Internal Revenue Service are currently locked in a fierce estate and gift tax dispute. The IRS argues the executor has seriously undervalued the estate, and the executors claim the IRS’ calculations “are riddled with errors.”

Tax Court Allows for ‘Slight’ Discount for Lack of Control for Majority Interests in Real Estate Holding Companies

In a gift and estate tax dispute, the estate and Internal Revenue Service agreed to apply discounts for lack of control and marketability to the majority interests in a number of real estate holding companies. The U.S. Tax Court noted that, in prior decisions, the court found no discount for lack of control applied. However, given the parties’ agreement, here, the court said it would apply a “slight” or “low” discount.

Estate of Warne v. Commissioner

In a gift and estate tax dispute, the estate and Internal Revenue Service agreed to apply discounts for lack of control and marketability to the majority interests in a number of real estate holding companies. The U.S. Tax Court noted that, in prior decisions, the court found no discount for lack of control applied. However, given the parties’ agreement, here, the court said it would apply a “slight” or “low” discount.

Tax Court Rejects Claimed Deduction for Management Fees

The U.S. Tax Court recently agreed with the Internal Revenue Service that management fees a corporation paid to its three shareholders over a three-year period were not deductible since none of the fees were paid “purely for services” and the petitioner failed to show the fees were “ordinary, necessary, and reasonable.” Rather, they represented disguised distributions, the court found.

Aspro, Inc. v Commissioner

The U.S. Tax Court recently agreed with the Internal Revenue Service that management fees a corporation paid to its three shareholders over a three-year period were not deductible since none of the fees were paid “purely for services” and the petitioner failed to show the fees were “ordinary, necessary, and reasonable.” Rather, they represented disguised distributions, the court found.

Prince estate and IRS embroiled in fierce valuation dispute

A recent article in the Star Tribune says the executor of the estate of Prince, the late world-famous rock star, and the Internal Revenue Service are currently locked in a fierce estate and gift tax dispute.

Letter to the Editor: Commentary on Recent Statements by the IRS Regarding the Change to Appraisal Reviews

Former IRS manager Michael Gregory comments on recent statements from the IRS and ASA concerning a key issue with appraisal reviews prior to imposing a civil money penalty for valuation misstatements under IRC Section 6695A.

In tax refund case, expert identifies only viable method to value stock in ‘severely distressed’ private company

The taxpayer sued the federal government for a refund, arguing she had overpaid income taxes on stock she had received as part of settling a lawsuit against her former employer.

Coca-Cola Co. v. Comm'r

Coca-Cola had been applying a transfer pricing method called the 10-50-50 since it entered into a closing agreement with the IRS in 198, covering the years 1987 to 1995. Coca-Cola had consistently followed that transfer pricing method; the IRS had audited Coca-Cola annually and “signed off” on that transfer pricing method for over a decade. Upon examination of Coca-Cola’s tax returns for 2007 to 2009, the IRS determined that Coca-Cola’s transfer pricing methodology did not reflect arm’s-length norms because it overcompensated the supply point and undercompensated Coca-Cola. The IRS reallocated income between Coca-Cola and its supply points employing the comparable profits method (CPM) pursuant to Reg. Sec. 1.482-5. The IRS increased Coca-Cola’s taxable income by over $9 billion assessing over $3 billion in additional taxes!

2020’s Most Important Transfer Pricing Case—Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola had been applying a transfer pricing method called the 10-50-50 since it entered into a closing agreement with the IRS in 1986, covering the years 1987 to 1995. Coca-Cola had consistently followed that transfer pricing method; the IRS had audited Coca-Cola annually and “signed off” on that transfer pricing method for over a decade. Upon examination of Coca-Cola’s tax returns for 2007 to 2009, the IRS determined that Coca-Cola’s transfer pricing methodology did not reflect arm’s-length norms because it overcompensated the supply point and undercompensated Coca-Cola. The IRS reallocated income between Coca-Cola and its supply points employing the comparable profits method (CPM) pursuant to Reg. Sec. 1.482-5. The IRS increased Coca-Cola’s taxable income by over $9 billion assessing over $3 billion in additional taxes!

Lucero v. United States

In tax case, court approves refund, finding value of unlisted stock in distressed closely held company that taxpayer received as part of a settlement was less than stated in settlement agreement; taxpayer’s expert showed market value approach was only suitable method to calculate fair market value.

Court Adopts Taxpayer Expert’s Method to Value Unlisted Stock of ‘Severely Distressed’ Company

In tax case, court approves refund, finding value of unlisted stock in distressed closely held company that taxpayer received as part of a settlement was less than stated in settlement agreement; taxpayer’s expert showed market value approach was only suitable method to calculate fair market value.

IRS addresses fears over change in appraisal reviews

Earlier this year, the IRS issued a memorandum that described changes to the way the IRS reviews appraisals prior to imposing a civil money penalty for valuation misstatements under IRC Section 6695A.

Nelson v. Commissioner

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

Court Says Reduced Minority Discount Appropriate Where Minority Interest Has Elements of Control

In gift tax case, Tax Court finds donor transferred percentages in limited liability company rather than fixed dollar amounts based on language in transfer instruments; further, where transferred minority interests include elements of control, minority discount should be reduced, not eliminated.

IRS change to appraisal review sparks concern from ASA and others

The American Society of Appraisers (ASA) and 10 other appraisal organizations have sent a joint letter to the Internal Revenue Service and the Treasury Department expressing concern over a recent change to the way the IRS reviews appraisals prior to imposing a civil money penalty for valuation misstatements under IRC Section 6695A.

IRS update on how to file carryback refund applications

In a recent ABA webinar including IRS representatives, new practical information related to the carryback provisions in the recently passed CARES Act emerged.

IRS discusses tax implications of COVID-19 legislation

In an excellent ABA webinar that summarized and analyzed the COVID-19-related legislation Congress passed to alleviate the economic harm on businesses and persons, IRS Chief Counsel Michael Desmond spoke to some of the efforts the agency is making to achieve implementation.

Tales From the Trenches: How Recent Challenges with the IRS Impact Your Valuation

With a special focus on the recent Aaron U. Jones (USTC TCM 2019-101) case regarding tax affecting an S corp and a partnership, this workshop is the best way to get IRS insights short of going into litigation. Get real insights on how to avoid and what to do if working with the IRS on business valuation issues at all levels. Join Mike Gregory as he dives into conflict resolution (with assistance from the Collaboration ...

Landmark Jones case featured in upcoming workshop

“Read the Jones case,” an IRS official said when asked about the position the IRS is taking on tax affecting pass-through entities.

Details of the CUT method used in the Amazon case

Last week’s BVWire covered the 9th Circuit decision in the Amazon case that affirmed the U.S. Tax Court’s 2017 decision in favor of the company in a transfer pricing case.

Tax Court adopts tax-affected valuation of PTE without overturning Gross

For years, the appraisal community has wondered when the U.S. Tax Court will recognize the need for tax affecting when valuing pass-through entities (PTE) and how the court will square its decision with precedent, i.e., the Gross case in which the Tax Court rejected the taxpayer’s tax-affected valuation.

Tax Court’s Amazon valuation ruling stands up to 9th Circuit scrutiny

The 9th Circuit recently affirmed the U.S. Tax Court’s 2017 decision in favor of Amazon in this key transfer pricing case, finding the governing regulations limited the definition of “intangible” to independently transferrable assets.

Distinguishing Gross, Tax Court adopts tax-affected valuation of PTE

In an ingenious move, the U.S. Tax Court, ruling on an Oregon gift tax dispute, accepted the taxpayers’ tax-affected valuations of pass-through entities (PTE) without overturning Gross.

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