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Office of Chief Counsel Internal Revenue Service Memorandum

IRS private letter ruling says that, under facts, gift tax valuation must consider merger that was being negotiated at the time the donor transferred company stock into a trust where the merger was only announced after the stock transfer and the announcement prompted an increase in stock value.

IRS Private Letter Ruling on Whether to Consider Pending Merger in Gift Tax Valuation

IRS private letter ruling says that, under facts, gift tax valuation must consider merger that was being negotiated at the time the donor transferred company stock into a trust where the merger was only announced after the stock transfer and the announcement prompted an increase in stock value.

Estate of Aaron Jones v. Commissioner

In gift tax dispute, Tax Court adopts estate expert’s valuation of two related PTEs, including expert’s tax affecting; court distinguishes Gross and later cases; issue is not whether to tax affect but how; estate expert’s tax affecting was “more accurate than [IRS’] blunt zero-rate approach.”

Keeping Gross Alive, Nimble Tax Court Accepts PTE Tax Affecting

In gift tax dispute, Tax Court adopts estate expert’s valuation of two related PTEs, including expert’s tax affecting; court distinguishes Gross and later cases; issue is not whether to tax affect but how; estate expert’s tax affecting was “more accurate than [IRS’] blunt zero-rate approach.”

Willamette gives insights into estate and gift valuations

The Summer 2019 Insights from Willamette Management Associates focuses on valuations for estate and gift tax purposes and is edited by Weston C. Kirk.

More than one valuation issue in Kress

Tax affecting is only one issue that makes the federal district court’s opinion in Kress a must-know for valuators, notwithstanding a recent reader comment that it’s doubtful the case would have received much attention had it not been for the tax-affecting angle.

Reader comment on Kress case coverage

Responding to the attention the Kress case has received (at BVR and elsewhere), Harry Fuhrman, financial analyst with the Internal Revenue Service, gave us the following comments.

Kress appeal still a possibility

As the valuation community ponders the reach of the recent Kress decision, many eyes are trained on the government’s next move.

Kress gift tax case signifies approval of tax affecting—at least in federal district court

One aspect that has valuators excited about the Kress v. United States gift tax case is that the federal court that ruled on the taxpayers’ challenge to the IRS’s gift tax assessment accepted valuations from both parties’ experts that applied a C corporation tax rate to value minority shares in an S corporation.

Kress v. United States signifies approval of S corp tax affecting

In a gift tax case teeming with valuation issues, one notable aspect was that, in valuing the minority shares of an S corporation, both parties’ experts applied a C corporation tax rate to the company’s earnings and the court, without ado, accepted the practice.

Gift Tax Case Suggests Overall Acceptance of S Corp Tax Affecting

In gift tax case requiring valuation of minority shares in S corporation, district court accepts application, by all experts, of C corp-level tax rate to company’s earnings; court, with minor DLOM adjustment, credits valuations by taxpayers’ expert, noting his market approach is “the most sound.”

Kress v. United States

In gift tax case requiring valuation of minority shares in S corporation, district court accepts application, by all experts, of C corp-level tax rate to company’s earnings; court, with minor DLOM adjustment, credits valuations by taxpayers’ expert, noting his market approach is “the most sound.”

Business Valuation Update Yearbook, 2019 Edition

February 2019 Hardcover, PDF

BVR (editor)

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

BVR has you covered with the Business Valuation Update Yearbook 2019. This newest edition from the publishers of Business Valuation Update covers the year’s most groundbreaking and thought-provoking advancements in business valuation, and more. This critical desktop reference keeps you ahead of your peers with on-the-ground reporting from valuation experts, thought-leaders, and BVR’s editorial team. Learn more >>

5th Circuit Upholds Tax Court’s Characterization of Interest and Discount Rulings

In estate tax dispute, Tax Court agrees with IRS that decedent transferred limited partner interest, not assignee interest, to revocable trust; under partnership agreement, limited partner had rights not available to assignee; court rejects discount for lack of control and adopts IRS’ DLOM rate.

Estate of Streightoff v. Commissioner (I)

In estate tax dispute, Tax Court agrees with IRS that decedent transferred limited partner interest, not assignee interest, to revocable trust; under partnership agreement, limited partner had rights not available to assignee; court rejects discount for lack of control and adopts IRS’ DLOM rate.

Mock IRS Audit: Real World Valuation Examples on Working With the IRS (A BVR Web Workshop)

During this session Mike Gregory and Bryant Lancaster will provide you with a real-world mock estate IRS audit example based on a case the two worked on together. After a couple of real-world “war stories” and an initial introduction to IRS processes and procedures to help you understand the mock audit, Mike and Bryant will play the roles of the IRS business valuer and the taxpayer’s business valuer while narrating the process to help you ...

Business Valuation Update Yearbook, 2018 Edition

February 2018 Hardcover, PDF

BVR (editor)

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

BVR has you covered with the Business Valuation Update Yearbook 2018. This newest edition from the publishers of Business Valuation Update covers the year’s most groundbreaking and thought-provoking advancements in business valuation, and more. This critical desktop reference keeps you ahead of your peers with on-the-ground reporting from valuation experts, thought-leaders, and BVR’s editorial team. Learn more >>

Business Valuations and the IRS: Five Books In One

March 2018 Softcover (852 pages)

Michael Gregory

Birch Grove Publishing

Business Valuations and the IRS:Five Books in One, written by expert Michael Gregory, is specifically for business appraisers, expert witnesses, and those who work with or may need to work with the IRS regarding business valuations.This must-have publication aids the reader in understanding classification, the IRS review processes and structure, and how to resolve conflicts with the IRS. Learn more >>

Act now to KO controversial Section 2704 regs

Comments are due by Aug. 7, 2017 on an IRS notice that puts the proposed Section 2704 regs on the chopping block.

Eleventh Circuit Affirms Tax Court’s Valuation of Trust’s Interest in LLC

Affirming FMV conclusion, appeals court says Tax Court did not err in focusing less on details of methodology parties’ appraisers used than on larger issue of whether hypothetical seller would be able to force distribution of majority of LLC’s assets.

Tax Court’s Novel Theory Aims to Prevent ‘Double Inclusion’

Tax Court finds assets transferred into family limited partnership on behalf of incapacitated decedent shortly before death are includible in gross estate under IRC section 2036(a)(2); to avoid “double inclusion,” court states new rule limiting includible ...

Activist Tax Court takes on double inclusion problem in estate and gift tax case

In an estate and gift tax case, the U.S. Tax Court recently sided with the Internal Revenue Service when the court found the value of assets transferred from the decedent to a family limited partnership was includible in the value of the decedent’s gross estate. The real surprise lay in the court's decision to propose a new way of calculating the includible amount.

Appraiser ducks penalty for undervaluation

A recent Tax Court case rejects an appraiser's valuation of an estate asset, and the undervaluation is enough to normally trigger penalties under IRC Section 6695A.

Tax Court’s Novel Theory Aims to Prevent ‘Double Inclusion’

Tax Court finds assets transferred into family limited partnership on behalf of incapacitated decedent shortly before death are includible in gross estate under IRC section 2036(a)(2); to avoid “double inclusion,” court states new rule limiting includible ...

Estate of Powell v. Commissioner

Tax Court finds assets transferred into family limited partnership on behalf of incapacitated decedent shortly before death are includible in gross estate under IRC section 2036(a)(2); to avoid “double inclusion,” court states new rule limiting includible ...

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