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Misusing the Market Prices of High-Vote Shares When Estimating a Discount for Lack of Voting Rights

When analysts estimate a valuation discount for the lack of voting rights in the stock of a private company, they typically look to the public market. Many studies have compared the market prices of publicly traded high-vote shares with the market prices of publicly traded low-vote shares. Unfortunately, when the inputs into these studies are examined, the emperor has no clothes.

Blockage Discounts: How Volume Can Impact Value

Join Pasquale Rafanelli for an exciting look into the complex topic of blockage. Learn what blockage is and how to apply it when valuing securities, stocks, and even artwork. Understand how blockage is different than a discount for lack of marketability. With real-world examples that are applicable to your practice, this event will help you build a defensible conclusion.

Updated versions of two closed-end fund reports for estimating DLOC

Closed-end fund (CEF) data are commonly used to derive discounts for lack of control (DLOC) for closely held holding companies invested in marketable securities.

Reader Question: How Much Is a Discount for Lack of Voting Rights?

In response to a reader question, we put the BVResearch Pro platform to work to reveal what the studies, valuation textbooks, and court cases say about a discount for nonvoting stock—more than enough material to estimate and substantiate an opinion.

Business Valuation Update Yearbook, 2022 Edition

January 2022 PDF, Softcover (454 pages)

BVR (editor)

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

A new year means another annual “greatest hits” publication!  The Business Valuation Update Yearbook 2022 covers the previous year’s most groundbreaking and thought-provoking advancements in valuation.  It captures changes in regulations and professional standards, key takeaways from professional conferences, and tactical practice-building ideas. This critical desktop reference puts you ahead of the competition with on-the-ground reporting by the BVR editorial team including an Introduction by Andy Dzamba, BVR Executive Editor and insights from notable BV experts.  Learn more >>

Valuing a Business, 6th Edition

April 2022 Hardcover

Shannon Pratt

McGraw-Hill Co.

Since the first edition was published in 1981, the profession of business appraisal has matured immensely. The IRS has come out with business valuation guidelines, and the AICPA has published their business valuation standards. While each organization’s standards or guidelines are slightly different from the others, there is unanimous agreement on the central concepts of business valuation.  Learn more >>

Letter sent to Congress regarding valuation discounts

The American Society of Appraisers and over 100 other business groups and organizations sent a letter to Rep. Neal (D-Mass.) and Rep. Wyden (D-Ore.) urging exclusion of any tax proposals that would impact family businesses and farms, such as eliminating discounts for lack of control or marketability.

New edition of a guide on valuing FLPs

BVR is happy to announce that the Comprehensive Guide to the Valuation of Family Limited Partnerships and LLCs is the newest addition to its bookstore.

Premium Gap Closes Between Strategic and Financial Acquisitions

The difference between the premium strategic buyers pay for acquisitions versus what financial buyers pay has decreased, according to recent data in the Factset MergerStat/BVR Control Premium Study.

Understanding Business Valuation - 6th Edition

February 2022 Hardcover, PDF

Gary Trugman

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

In this exciting new edition of Understanding Business Valuation, Gary Trugman takes his characteristic talent for simplifying the technical and complex to even greater heights.  In his easy-to-read and understand style he covers all the bases with valuation approaches, methods, and techniques. Trugman identifies critical points in his callout notes throughout the publication.  Learn more >>

Comprehensive Guide for the Valuation of Family Limited Partnerships and LLCs, 6th Edition: Best Practices, Best Data Sources, Best Appraisal Reports

October 2021 Hardcover (300 pages)

Bruce A. Johnson, James R. Park, Spencer Jefferies

Partnership Profiles, Inc.

The Comprehensive Guide for the Valuation of Family Limited Partnerships, published by Partnership Profiles, includes all new updates since the 5th edition released in 2017. The book includes all of PPI's annual Partnership Re-Sale Discount Studies published from 2016-2020. This is a comprehensive update and many of the changes are based on the authors' experience handling IRS audits regarding discounts for lack of control and marketability. Learn more >>

Updated data for estimating DLOC in closely held holding companies

Closed-end fund (CEF) data are commonly used to derive discounts for lack of control (DLOC) for closely held holding companies invested in marketable securities.

A Practical, Step-by-Step Process for Applying Invested Capital Premiums

For years, the valuation profession has debated the definition of a control premium, including its distinction from an acquisition premium. What began years ago as a relatively simple question—if there is a control premium, what should it be?—now includes analyzing such concepts as invested capital premiums and equity-based premiums, transaction synergies and strategic values, marketability, and levels of control. All are “key points” to keep in mind throughout the quantification of a control premium, say Tim Meinhart and Nate Novak (both of Willamette Management Associates), who led a webinar on this topic titled Evaluating and Applying Control Premiums earlier this year.

Practical Applications of DLOM: Methods and Data (Part 2)

From rules of thumb to complex approaches, determining what methods to use can be as difficult as determining the actual discount for lack of marketability. Join Pasquale Rafanelli and prepare yourself for upcoming DLOM engagements. In Part 1, learn the pros and cons of each method and how to apply and support them. See these concepts applied in the case study-based Part 2. Attend either or, better yet, both.

Practical Applications of DLOM: Methods and Data (Part 1)

From rules of thumb to complex approaches, determining what methods to use can be as difficult as determining the actual discount for lack of marketability. Join Pasquale Rafanelli and prepare yourself for upcoming DLOM engagements. In Part 1, learn the pros and cons of each method and how to apply and support them. See these concepts applied in the case study-based Part 2.

How to Use New Data on Invested Capital Premiums

To estimate acquisition premiums the use of invested capital premiums is highly encouraged in certain situations. This article presents a case study and step-by-step guide to using these data that are now included in the Factset Mergerstat/BVR Control Premium Study.

The Strategic Premium: An Inside Look at M&A Prices

Synergistic/strategic value should not be combined into one level in the typical chart that shows levels of value. Some buyers pay a “strategic premium” that propels strategic value to the top of the value chart and well in excess of the expected synergistic value. The author uses real-world examples to illustrate this concept.

Illiquidity Discounts for Restricted Equity Securities with Random or Indefinite Liquidity Horizons

Illiquidity discounts depend on the length of the trading restriction period. Existing theoretical restricted stock discount models are adapted to situations in which the trading restriction period has a well-defined fixed length. In many scenarios, the private equity investor faces a liquidity horizon that may be random or indefinite rather than of known fixed length. Stillian Ghaidarov will review a simple and robust methodology that allows us to extend the use of restricted stock discount ...

Evaluating and Applying Control Premiums

In recent years, a greater amount of scrutiny has been placed on valuation analysts’ selection and use of control premiums. As a result, there has been a renewed interest in distinguishing acquisition premiums from control premiums and equity premiums from invested capital premiums. Join Timothy Meinhart for a comprehensive discussion of the proper quantification and application of acquisition premiums and control premiums and also learn about the benefits of using market-based invested capital premiums rather ...

Business Valuation Update Yearbook, 2021 Edition

January 2021 Hardcover, PDF

BVR (editor)

Business Valuation Resources, LLC

Always a highly-anticipated annual publication, the Business Valuation Update Yearbook 2021 covers the year’s most groundbreaking and thought-provoking advancements on valuation methodologies in the face of a global pandemic.  It also captures, changes in regulations and professional standards, key takeaways from the best virtual conferences, and tactical practice-building ideas. This critical desktop reference puts you ahead of the competition with on-the-ground reporting from valuation experts, thought-leaders, and BVR’s expert editorial and legal teams. Learn more >>

New Control Premium Study platform makes its debut

BVR subscribers have expressed a great deal of interest in invested capital premiums, which explains why many of them attended the free webinar on enhancements to the FactSet Mergerstat/BVR Control Premium Study.

Take Control of Your Premiums

Join BVR for a first look at the new Control Premium Study platform. In the session we will cover the basics of the control premium study, discuss the enhancements to the platform, and provide a walkthrough of how to best utilize the new platform to retrieve control premiums, minority discounts, and multiples.

Free webinar tomorrow on new Control Premium Study platform

Take a first look at BVR’s new Control Premium Study platform during a free webinar tomorrow, November 5.

BVR enhances implied minority discount offers with FactSet Mergerstat control premium upgrade

The value of control has been trending lower in the UK. Current overall data from the FactSet Mergerstat/BVR Control Premium Study of over 1,300 UK companies show a median increased value of controlling interest shares of only 20.7% (this converts to a median implied minority shareholder discount of about 17%).

Family Matters: Standard of Value, DLOM/DLOC Discounts and Drama in BV

A buried body, sex surrogates, and family-owned business create a dramatic background for a recent court case impacting valuation. With complex minority discounts, this case kicks off a compelling discussion of key issues in family law. Experts Stacey Udell, Neil Beaton, and Ron Seigneur tackle these thorny issues with clarity and comedy. Get treated to the tricks and tips you’ll want when your next family-owned business engagement rings your doorbell.

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