Providing a Framework for Testing the Reasonableness of Terminal Period Cash Flow Investments

BVResearch Pro
American Society of Appraisers Business Valuation Review™
Fall 2020 Volume 39, Issue 1 pp. 5-13
Joseph W. Thompson, CFA, ASA
David J. Neuzil, CFA
valuation methods & approaches
gordon growth model, discounted cash flow (DCF)

Summary

Whether using the traditional Gordon Growth formula or the value driver formula, it is common for a valuer to neglect testing the reasonableness of the capitalized free cash flow used in determining the terminal value and, therefore, derive a terminal value that is incorrect. This is troubling considering how important the terminal value is when concluding an equity value; the terminal value most often accounts for a majority of the concluded enterprise value when applying the Discounted Cash Flow method. The purpose of this article is to provide a framework for testing the reasonableness of the amount of terminal cash flow that is reinvested to support the operations into perpetuity. In general, there are three potential areas for a company to reinvest into its future operations: (1) net working capital, (2) purchases of property, plant, and equipment (PP&E), and (3) other investments (e.g., research and development [R&D]). Our article provides an overview of a suggested method for analyzing and calculating the appropriate amount of investments in net working capital and PP&E under the Gordon Growth formula. We also provide an example analysis to illustrate potential issues resulting from expensed investments (e.g., R&D) when applying the value driver formula.
Providing a Framework for Testing the Reasonableness of Terminal Period Cash Flow Investments
PDF, Size: 229 KB

Copyright American Society of Appraisers

The information contained in this product is based on content obtained by ASA from sources considered to be reliable, but is not guaranteed as to accuracy and does not purport to be complete. BVR and ASA accept no liability for the use of such information which is provided "AS IS" and with no warranties, express or implied.